With the ongoing increase in demands and use of the smartphone; mobile apps are the biggest market area for companies and so important question comes to choosing the best mobile app development technology for your business. It is time you should know what to choose Hybrid? Native? Or Cross-platform?
First of all, the factors affecting the framework decision.
- Speed Consideration: If talking about speed, Native apps are the fastest android (java) and iOS (swift) in operations, second best is hybrid apps but these don’t reach the 60fps point which seems to look slow to the eye. hence hybrid apps( Cordova apache, PhoneGap and Xamarin are not used as the game app platform.
- Feature Support: Cross-platform apps are specific to some to each device, there will be some feature that is not supported in some OS platform and hybrid apps, so native apps are preferred. but they require a lot of maintenance support, while hybrid apps are the ones easier to maintain.
- Framework Security: Hybrid apps are less complex, require less time to make, have many layers to crack, so don’t worry, work on native apps, if you want more security.
- Development Cost: Native is not for every business, don’t make it if you cant afford it, go for hybrid apps platforms like Cordova, Apache, Xamarin.
Further, depending on the following factors, below stated are app frameworks generally employed, you may choose the one which suits you after going through pros and cons of the following –
Native Mobile Apps
These type of apps are developed on the programming languages specific to the operating system of which we want the app to run on i.e. in the case of IOS, use swift; in the case of Android, use Java; in Windows, use Visual Studio or XAML.
Pros of Developing a Native Mobile App
- It provides full operations without any conflict on operating over native os or device.
- In this, you can access the memory, USB ports, and camera etc stuff effectively.
- Most of the intensive graphics apps, game development apps are done on this, it gives you best performance.
- Customisation of native apps has no limit, can take a lot of time, but every money spent on it is worth.
Cons of developing a Native Mobile App
- An android based app won’t work on IOS based device.so we have to create separate apps for different platforms.
- No code can be shared between the versions of the Android and IOS format based apps.
- Coding time for native apps takes a long time if building for two or more platforms.
- Testing the same also takes time.
RELATED: Not all apps are created equal: Mobile apps vs mobile-optimised web apps
Cross-platform Mobile Apps
Pros of developing a Cross-platform Mobile App
- Code can be shared between different versions of the apps across devices (possibly up to 80%)
- The User Interface is based on operating system best working, so it works like native apps.
Cons of developing a Cross-platform Mobile App
- It can work on both operating system but the platform does not allow all code to work on both
- Speed can be impacted on some occasion but still, it is fast enough for most of the users
- Access to all the feature require plugins or new code writing to work on both operating system
- User interface customisation is dependent on the framework support
Hybrid Mobile Apps
Pros of Developing a Hybrid Mobile App
- Most of the app codes can work on all web browsers, so can work on any operating system ( 75% efficient)
- Takes equal time like cross-platform apps, but still an easy thing to build, and fast enough.
- Databases like AngularJS, React, PaperJS, are used for web development.
Cons of developing a Hybrid Mobile App
- As usual, not all code can be shared, so some native code must be written.
- Speed is affected on the basis of the operating system and web browsing.
- Access to the features are dependent on the framework or plugin support and sometimes on mobile browser too.
Web apps are of 3 types: traditional, adaptive and responsive. Traditional Web app will include any website, Adaptive Web app displays the design in such a way that it fits different screen size of your mobile and Responsive Web app builds a different design when its open on a different device (like phone or tablet).
Pros of Developing a Web App
- Built using most popular programming languages.
- Relatively cheap to build a project using this framework.
Cons of developing a Web App
- You’ll not be able to use any hardware of the device (i.e. Phone camera)
- Not much discoverable as it cannot be published in app stores.